In the past, if a trustee wanted to alter an irrevocable trust, a costly legal process was the only way. Now, "decanting" is becoming a more popular and easier way to do this.
Irrevocable trusts are powerful tools in the estate planner's tool belt. They have a life of their own (of sorts), running like a well-oiled machine from the start. Unfortunately, the "irrevocable" nature of your irrevocable trust can be its Achilles heel, too. What happens if the original design of your irrevocable trust now runs contrary to your current objectives?
A recent article in Barron's explored this common dilemma in an article with a catchy title: "How to Bust a Trust."
The "irrevocability" of an irrevocable trust makes changing the trust a very difficult practice under normal circumstances. Normally, this is a good thing. Why have all of the time, effort, and money you invested to plan your estate be undone? Accordingly, the traditional process for changing the terms of an irrevocable trust has been rightfully onerous.
Unfortunately, it's not entirely uncommon that the machine needs some retooling, let alone re-lubricating. Perhaps the laws have change significantly, and your original goals for your loved ones have proven unworkable or even detrimental to them. In a worst case scenario, the inheritance could become a curse rather than a blessing.
In short, to "decant" the trust is to work around those harsh legal and people conditions, realigning the trust to conform to the new environment. The decanting process involves pouring the assets from one vessel to another - from one trust to a new form of the trust or an entirely different trust. Like a fine wine, decanting breathes new life into the assets once held in a trust that no longer suits its purposes.
This is not a do-it-yourself project, however. It can prove to be complex rather quickly. In fact, at present, decanting is only possible in 18 states. Consequently, the laws of your state will determine whether the process is available, as it matters where your trust exists.
For more on decanting and more obligatory wine references, be sure to read the original article. This is information worthy of your consideration whether you are establishing your family trust now, are a trustee, or a beneficiary.